The academy said Ashkin developed "optical tweezers" that can grab tiny particles such as viruses without damaging them. The only other female victor is famed historical physicist Marie Curie.
Then, in 1987, he used the tweezers to capture living bacteria without harming them.
The inventions revolutionized the field, The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences noted in its announcement. However, in this celebratory narrative, let us not get carried away by Strickland's achievement - that of a woman winning the physics Nobel Prize - because it is not an achievement. But now that Donna Strickland has been awarded a part of the physics Nobel, it is impossible to ignore her gender. They paved the way towards the shortest and most intense laser pulses created by humankind. This consideration automatically renders its male laureates - especially white male laureates from the U.S. and Europe, the overwhelming fraction - as being bearers of an extreme privilege apart from also being men who undertook commendable scientific work.
A reporter asked the professor what it felt like to be the third woman in history to win the physics prize. In work that formed Strickland's PhD thesis, she and Mourou took inspiration from a radar technique.
"It is also a personal delight to see Dr Strickland break the 55-year hiatus since a woman has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics, making this year's award all the more historic".
Mourou and Strickland are honored for their "chirped pulse amplification" - a technique that has allowed researchers to boost the power of lasers. It quickly became a standard for subsequent high-intensity lasers finding many varied applications including in the life-changing corrective eye surgeries that are so common today.
"This year's prize is about tools made from light", Göran Hansson, secretary general of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, summarizing awards during his remarks at the press conference.
"Ultra-sharp laser beams make it possible to cut or drill holes in various materials extremely precisely - even in living matter", the Nobel Prize twitter account noted.
The inventions by the three scientists date back to the mid-1980s and over the years they have revolutionized laser physics.
Trudeau tweeted he reached out to the chief executives leading Canada's Big Five banks to "touch base on NAFTA negotiations". The Canadian dollar surged to its highest since May against the USA dollar, gaining around 0.5 percent from Friday's close.
For the second straight day, Finau was both kept out of the foursomes (alternate shot) play in the afternoon. One of those comebacks happened in 1999 at Brookline in Boston - the only 10-6 comeback for the Americans.
Trump tweeted a picture of ads placed in the Des Moines Register that he described as "propaganda ads...made to look like news". Only under the guise of foreign interference do the American people feel that they need someone like Trump.
The majority of Palu's inhabitants are Muslim. "I assure all help from India to Indonesia to combat the disasters", Swaraj said. The other tragedy is that more than 48,000 have been forced to leave their houses and telecommunications are still not working.
Under the new agreement, three-quarters of a car's parts must originate from North America in order to be exempt from duties. In Ottawa, PMO officials said there would be another cabinet meeting Monday and a news conference likely as well.
If you want a faster charge rate, be prepared to pay $49 for the charging head and at least $19 for the cheapest one-meter cord. Several complaints about the XS and XS Max failing to charge have also been posted on Apple's discussion forum on its website .
On Saturday, authorities were still having difficulties coordinating rescue efforts. "Don't even think to find the inmates". About 17,000 people had been evacuated, the government disaster agency said and that number was expected to soar.
His regained form has drawn more viewers this year, but whether he'll help thwart the sport's decline remains to be seen. He said the last hole was a "blur", and it remains the last Ryder Cup that both Molinari and Woods played.
He insisted the new security measures "are not directed against third countries, but towards defending our own military". In the phone call, Netanyahu also said he told Putin that Israel would continue to protect its security and interests.
In a statement, Stuart Parsons Jr., the owner of BSR Cable Park, said his "hearts and prayers" are with Stabile's family. Stabile is believed to have contracted Naegleria fowleri during a visit to the BSR Cable Park in Waco, Texas .
The allegations form the basis of Mayorga's claims of coercion and fraud, racketeering and civil conspiracy, and abuse of process. Ronaldo's representatives denied the rape allegations when German publication Der Spiegel first reported them in 2017.
Today, immunotherapies based on Allison and Honjo's research work especially well for fighting advanced and aggressive tumors. The literature prize will not be given this year because of a sexual misconduct scandal at the body that decides the award.
Dodgers beat Rockies to claim sixth consecutive NL West title
And because both teams atop the Central have the best records in the NL, the loser of Monday's early game will host the Wild Card. Buehler has never pitched in a playoff game so this is as close as it can get without technically being a playoff game.
Krishna Raj Kapoor funeral
The couple have five children together - Randhir Kapoor, Ritu Kapoor Nanda, Rishi Kapoor , Rima Kapoor Jain and Rajiv Kapoor. She further added, "In our long conversations, Raj-ji often spoke about Krishna-ji and all she had brought into his life".
Tesla shares jump after Elon Musk settles with SEC
Tesla in recent years has become one of the most valuable American auto maker, with its stock worth more than $50 billion. The settlement, reached on Saturday, comes after Musk initially rejected the charges, claiming they were "unjustified" .
Passengers safe after plane ditches into Pacific lagoon
A South Pacific airline announced Monday that a passenger died when a plane crashed into a Pacific lagoon in Micronesia last week. All 35 passengers and 12 crew members were saved, though the water levels had reached waist-height before help arrived.
Trump takes aim at China, Iran at UN Security Council
Mr Trump reimposed the sanctions after quitting the Iran accord in May, and called on United States allies to comply. Saudi Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih told reporters in Algiers that he does not influence prices.
Adultery no longer a crime in India
In 1985, the then chief justice had upheld the validity of the adultery law. "A husband is not the master of his wife". Women having affairs could not be prosecuted, but they also couldn't file a complaint against cheating husbands.