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United States should honor Iranian nuclear deal commitment

17 May, 2018, 09:12 | Author: Ted Wilson
  • Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif

President Donald Trump's announcement on Tuesday that the USA was exiting the 2015 nuclear accord was met with widespread dismay by its other signatories - Britain, China, France, Germany and Russian Federation.

After long negotiations, Iran had agreed in July 2015 to freeze its nuclear programme in return for the lifting of punishing global sanctions.

"It's possible", Bolton said. "It depends on the conduct of other governments".

Last week, President Trump withdrew the United States from participation in the Iran nuclear deal and announced a restart to the sanctioning process.

Former Defense Secretary Robert Gates said while the Iran deal was "a flawed agreement" because of a lack of unfettered inspections and other problems, leaving the deal isolates the US and Trump should have extended it for at least another six months to work with allies. He declined to rule out sanctions against European firms.

Pompeo, who is barely a fortnight into his new job, told Fox News on Sunday that he had been tasked by the president "to work to strike a deal that achieves the outcomes that protect America".

O'Sullivan delivered a rousing endorsement of the deal and expressed his profound dismay at Trump's May 8 decision to withdraw from it.

With European companies starting to count potential losses, their withdrawal from Iran could open the door to Chinese firms, says Bijan Khajehpour, managing partner of Austria-based consulting firm Atieh International. In 2017, the total Exports of European Union to Iran amounted to €10.8 billion or $12.9 billion. The U.S. wanted to reimpose sanctions if Iran began to expand its capacity to enrich uranium at that point.

Some European leaders have called for measures to nullify the United States sanctions.

Divisions in Iran over how it should respond to the U.S. pullout were illustrated as senior cleric Ayatollah Ahmad Khatami told worshipers at Tehran University on Friday that European nations could not be trusted.

Malaysian opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim freed from jail
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Trump himself hinted that there would be no concessions to European firms during remarks at the White House last week in which he confirmed the United States withdrawal, which he promised during the 2016 presidential campaign.

Shariatmadari says these three demands, which targeted the sovereignty and existence of the Islamic Republic, are exactly what Trump had put forward.

"We will have to consider the negative effects of any primary or secondary sanctions re-introduced by the United States on any European firms" now operating in Iran, said O'Sullivan.

The recent talks between the US and European diplomats on how to fix the current Iran agreement foundered on the question of how to address the easing beginning in eight years of the nuclear constraints.

Trump had threatened to get out of the deal unless the flaws are fixed, and he carried out his threat Tuesday, when he pulled the USA out of the pact.

"We are going to have a conversation about what we can do to help United Kingdom firms, European firms have some confidence that they can still do business", he said. New business deals have been immediately barred.

He ordered Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif to negotiate with the countries still in the deal to try to save it, and Friday's statement reiterated that Zarif was seeking "required guarantees" from the five other parties to the agreement.

But European leaders have been working hard to mollify Tehran - UK Prime Minister Theresa May spoke to Iranian President Hassan Rouhani on Sunday to assure him of her support for the deal.

The announcement by Donald Trump that the USA would pull out of the agreement came with the restoration of sanctions against Tehran, including six individuals and three companies it claims are funnelling millions of dollars to the Islamic Revolutionary Guard's elite Quds Force.

In Brussels, Zarif will attend a meeting with his French, German and British counterparts as well as European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini.

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